Electron Configuration of Nickel

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When it comes to understanding the different elements and their uses, one of the most important concepts to understand is electron configuration of nickel shell. Knowing the number of electrons in a particular element can be essential for understanding not only how it behaves in a chemical reaction, but also how it interacts with other elements. In this article, we’ll be taking a close look at nickel atomic number and its electron configuration. Read the whole article to find More !

Electron configuration of nickel

The electronic configuration of nickel

Since the atomic number of nickel is 28 it means it has 28 electrons. So, the electronic configuration of nickel is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d8. The outermost d orbital of nickel atom is filled with eight electron to acquire stability of an atom. The filling of electron from lower orbital to higher energy orbital which follows Aufbau principle.

The electronic configuration of nickel can also be written in shorthand notation or abbreviated form as [Ar] 4s2 3d8. The symbol of Nickel is Ni.

The electron configuration of nickel is important to understand because it is used to describe the chemical properties of this element. Nickel is a transition metal and this is reflected in its electronic configuration, which contains both s and d orbitals.

Nickel Electron configuration tabular form

Atomic Number 28
Atomic Mass 58.36u
Ground State Electronic Configuration / Electronic Configuration of Nickel (both are same) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d8
Excited State Electronic Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1 3d9
Abbreviated Form (ground state) [Ar]4s2 3d8
Abbreviated Form (Excited state) [Ar]4s1 3d9
Block category D block
Group  10
State Solid

The ground state electron configuration of nickel

The electronic configuration of an atom is the representation of where the electrons are orbiting the nucleus. The ground state electron configuration of nickel is [Ar]4s2 3d8. The long form of ground state writing this exact same electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d8. This means that there are 2 electrons in the 4s orbital, 8 electrons in the 3d orbitals in.

The excited state electron configuration of nickel

In the excited state, the electron configuration of nickel is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1 3d9. The short form of excited state electron configuration of Nickel is [Ar]4s1 3d9. This means that there are nine electrons in the 3d orbitals and only one electrons in the 4s orbitals.

How to write the electron configuration of nickel

The electron configuration of nickel can be written as [Ar]4s2 3d8. The total number of electron in Nickel is 28. The first part of the configuration, [Ar], corresponds to the 18 electrons in the argon atom. These are the electrons in the 3p, 3s, and 2s orbitals. The second part of the configuration, { 4s2 3d8 }corresponds to the 10 electrons in the nickel atom. These are the electrons in the 3d and 4s orbitals.

The effect of electron configuration on the properties of nickel

As with all elements, the electron configuration of nickel has a major effect on its properties. In general, elements with similar electron configurations tend to have similar properties. This is because the electrons in the outermost energy levels (the valence electrons) are responsible for most of an element’s chemical behavior.

Nickel belongs to the transition metals, which means it has partially filled d orbitals in its outermost energy level. The d orbitals can hold up to 10 electrons, but they only have 9 in nickel’s case. This gives nickel some unique properties compared to other elements.

For one, nickel is highly magnetic. This is because the unpaired d electrons can easily align themselves with an external magnetic field. Nickel is also resistant to corrosion, thanks to a protective oxide layer that forms on its surface when exposed to air.

The electron configuration of nickel also explains why it is often used as a catalyst in chemical reactions. The d orbitals can easily interact with other atoms and molecules, making nickel a very active element.

Conclusion

Nickel is an essential element in many industries, including electronics, chemical synthesis and metallurgy. Understanding nickel’s electron configuration is critical for understanding its chemical behavior and uses. We hope this article has been useful in providing you with an overview of the electron configuration of nickel, as well as some of its key properties. Armed with this knowledge, you will be better equipped to take advantage of all that nickel can offer.

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