Difference between plant cell and animal cell

In this article, we will be discussing the differences between plant cell and animal cell with diagram. Both plant and animal cells are eukaryotic cells, which means that they have a membrane-bound nucleus. However, there are several differences between these two types of cells. plant cells are generally larger than animal cells, and they have a cell wall. Animal cells do not have a cell wall. Plant cells also have chloroplasts, which are organelles that help the plant to create its own food through photosynthesis. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. These are more differentiate between plant and animal cells and also we show you with diagram of both plant and animal cell. This topic is always ask in examination especially in biology.

What are Plant Cells?

Plant cells are eukaryotic cells that contain a number of organelles and a cell wall. Animal cells do not have a cell wall. The primary difference between plant and animal cells is that plant cells contain chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are organelles that capture energy from sunlight and convert it into glucose, which the plant uses for food.

What are Animal Cells?

Animal cells are eukaryotic cells that differ from plant cells in a number of ways. For one, animal cells lack cell walls, which gives them a different shape than plant cells. Animal cells also have smaller vacuoles than plant cells, and they typically have only one central vacuole. In addition, animal cells typically have more mitochondria than plant cells. Finally, animal cells contain lysosomes, which are organelles that break down waste material in the cell.

Difference between plant cell and animal cell in tabular form

                   Animal cell diagram     Difference between plant cell and animal cell

                    Plant cell diagram

Difference between plant cell and animal cell

Below is the table form of difference between plant cell and animal cell which is easy to understand and memorize. There are total 19 points in this tabular form. All the points are coming from Ncert in details.
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The Difference between Plant and Animal cell in points.

The five (5) difference between plant cell and animal cell are follows:

Plant cell 5 points

  • Plant cell is eukaryotic cell, meaning they have a true nucleus.
  • plant cells have a cell wall.
  • The cell wall is made of cellulose, and it helps support and protect the plant cell.
  • Plant cells also typically have larger vacuoles.
  • Plant cells also have a different type of cell membrane than animal cells.

Five (5) points of Animal Cell.

  • Animal cells do not have cell walls.
  • Animal cells are typically smaller than plant cells, and don’t have as many organelles.
  • Plant cells also typically have larger vacuoles than animal cells.
  • Animal cells do not have chloroplasts.
  • Animal cells can’t produce their own food.

Plant cell and animal cell in short answer

The definition of plant and animal cell is given below which is best suitable for the students who are study in class 8, class 9, class 11 and bsc 1st year.

Plant cell Short Answer

Plant cell are eukaryotic cells having a well defined nucleus with defined structures known as organelles which are able to  perform specific functions in plant cell. Animal cells have a specialized cell structure called a flagellum, which helps them move. The cell membrane in plant cells is made of cellulose. Plant cells have chloroplasts, which are organelles that help the cell convert sunlight into food.

Animal cell Short Answer

Animal cell also are eukaryotic cells having a well defined nucleus with lack of cell wall and it has a true membrane-bond with special organs. the cell membrane in animal cells is made of cholesterol.

State the three difference between Plant cell and animal cell in their structure and function.

  1. Plant cells have a cell wall made of cellulose, which helps to support the cell and give it shape.
  2. Animal cells do not have a cell wall.
  3. Plant cells also have chloroplasts, which are organelles that contain chlorophyll and help the plant to perform photosynthesis.
  4. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts.

Functionally, plant cells and animal cells differ in how they obtain energy.

Plant cells can create their own energy through photosynthesis, while animal cells must obtain energy from food sources. Additionally, plant cells can store excess energy in the form of starch, while animal cells store excess energy as glycogen.

Comparison of plant cell and animal cell

we write the many similarities as well as differences of Plant cells and animal cells. Both plant cells and animal cells are eukaryotic cells, meaning that they have a true nucleus with chromosomes. Both types of cells also have cell membranes, cytoplasm, and organelles including mitochondria and Golgi apparatus. However, there are several key ways in which plant cells and animal cells differ.

One major difference is that plant cells have a cell wall while animal cells do not. The cell wall is made of cellulose and provides support and structure for the plant cell. Plant cells also typically have larger vacuoles than animal cells. Vacuoles are fluid-filled sacs that help to regulate the water content of the cell. Animal cells typically have smaller vacuoles or may not have any vacuoles at all.

Another key difference between plant cells and animal cells is chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells that are responsible for photosynthesis, or converting light into energy that can be used by the cell. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts since they do not perform photosynthesis. Instead, animal cells rely on mitochondria for their energy needs.

Finally, plant cell walls contain a substance called lignin while animal cell walls do not. Lignin gives plants their rigidity and strength; without it, plants would wilt and collapse. This difference is due to the fact that plants

Similarities in Animal Cell and Plant Cell

There are many similarities between plant cell and animal cell. Both types of cells are eukaryotic, meaning they have a true nucleus with chromosomes. Both plant and animal cells also have organelles, such as mitochondria and chloroplasts. However, there are also some significant differences between these two types of cells. Plant cells are generally larger than animal cells, and they have a cell wall made of cellulose. Animal cells do not have a cell wall, although they may have a cell membrane. Plant cells also typically contain more chloroplasts than animal cells, since chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis.

Cell structure

Most cells are very small; in fact, most are too small to be seen with the unaided eye. Animal cells and plant cells share many common features such as a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and ribosomes. However, there are also several important differences between plant cells and animal cells. For example, plant cells have a cell wall, while animal cells do not. Additionally, plant cells tend to be larger than animal cells, and they have chloroplasts that allow them to perform photosynthesis.

Cell wall

The cell wall serves several functions in plant cells. It provides support and helps to keep the shape of the cell. The cell wall also acts as a barrier to protect the cell from viruses and bacteria. Additionally, the cell wall allows for gas exchange and regulates the movement of substances in and out of the cell.

Plant cells are distinguished from animal cells by the presence of a cell wall. The cell wall is composed of cellulose, a polysaccharide that gives plants their rigidity. Animal cells do not have a cell wall, and as such, are much more delicate.

Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance that fills the interior of cells and provides a medium for many biochemical reactions to take place. In plant cells, the cytoplasm contains many large organelles such as chloroplasts, whereas in animal cells these are generally absent. Cytoplasm also contains the cell’s DNA.

Nucleus

The nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle found in eukaryotic cells. The nucleus contains the cell’s DNA, which is responsible for the cell’s genetic information. The nucleus also plays a role in controlling the cell’s metabolism and growth.

In plant cells, the nucleus is located near the edge of the cell. In animal cells, the nucleus is typically located near the centre of the cell. Plant cells also have a larger nucleus than animal cells.

Ribosomes

Ribosomes are the organelles in cells that are responsible for protein synthesis. Plant cells have larger and more numerous ribosomes than animal cells. This is because plants need to synthesize more proteins than animals do in order to support their higher rates of metabolism. Ribosomes in plant cells are also arranged differently than those in animal cells. In plants, the ribosomes are attached to the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas in animals they are free-floating in the cytoplasm.

Lysosomes

Lysosomes are small, sac-like organelles within cells that function as the cell’s “digestive system.” They break down and recycle old or damaged cell parts, as well as foreign invaders, such as bacteria.

In plant cells, lysosomes are involved in breaking down excess or unwanted material in the cell. This process is known as autophagy. Autophagy helps to keep the plant cell healthy by getting rid of harmful materials that could damage the cell.

Animal cells do not have a dedicated organelle for autophagy like plant cells do. Instead, lysosomes in animal cells function primarily to digest food particles that have been taken into the cell. Lysosomes in animal cells also help to destroy invading bacteria and viruses.

Vacuoles

Plant cells contain one or more vacuoles, which are large membrane-bound organelles that store water, enzymes, and other materials. Animal cells do not have vacuoles.

Mitochondria

The mitochondria are organelles that serve as the powerhouses of the cell, generating most of the cell’s supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is an energy-carrying molecule that powers the cell’s biochemical reactions.

In addition to producing ATP, mitochondria are involved in a variety of other cellular processes, including fat and protein metabolism, calcium homeostasis, and apoptosis (cell death). Mitochondria are unique in that they have their own DNA (mt DNA), which is distinct from the DNA found in the nucleus.

Mitochondria are typically more abundant in cells that require a lot of energy, such as muscle cells. In plant cells, mitochondria are located in the chloroplasts, which are organelles that perform photosynthesis.

Chloroplasts

A chloroplast is a type of organelle found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae that conducts photosynthesis. Chloroplasts capture light energy from the sun and convert it into chemical energy that can be used by plants to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water.

Plants are the only organisms on Earth that can make their own food using photosynthesis. Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts, which are organelles found in the plant cell. The process of photosynthesis converts sunlight into chemical energy, which is then used to produce glucose from carbon dioxide and water.

Animals, on the other hand, cannot make their own food and must rely on plants (or other animals) for sustenance. Animal cells do not contain chloroplasts.

Plant cells – detailed explanation about plant cell in just 3 point

Plant cells are eukaryotic cells that differ from animal cells in several key ways. For instance, plant cells have a cell wall made of cellulose, which gives them rigidity and strength. Additionally, plant cells contain chloroplasts, organelles that are unique to plants and used in photosynthesis. Finally, while both plant and animal cells store energy in the form of ATP, plant cells also store it in the form of starch.

1. cell wall

The cell wall is a structural component of plant cells. It is composed of cellulose and other polysaccharides and is located on the outside of the plasma membrane. The cell wall provides support and protection for the cell, and also helps to regulate the movement of materials in and out of the cell. Animal cells do not have a cell wall.

2. chloroplasts

The chloroplasts in plant cells are unique organelles that are essential for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts.

Chloroplasts are large, green organelles found in the cytoplasm of plant cells. They are enclosed by a double membrane and contain a green pigment called chlorophyll, which gives plants their green color. Chloroplasts capture sunlight and use it to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and glucose. This process is called photosynthesis.

Without chloroplasts, plants would not be able to produce their own food and would not be able to live. Chloroplasts are unique to plant cells and are not found in animal cells.

3. Large vacuoles

Plant cells typically have large vacuoles while animal cells do not. Vacuoles are membrane-bound organelles that store water, ions, and other molecules. They help keep the cell hydrated and maintain homeostasis. Large vacuoles also give plant cells their characteristic shape and rigidity. Animal cells do not have large vacuoles, but they may have small ones that function in similar ways.

Animal cells – detailed explanation about animal cell in just 3 point

Animal cells are distinguished from plant cells by a number of features. Animal cells do not have a cell wall, which gives them a softer shape. Animal cells also tend to be smaller than plant cells. Animal cells have only one central vacuole, while plant cells may have multiple vacuoles. Animal cells do not store large amounts of starch, while plant cells do. Finally, animal cells have mitochondria, while plant Cells do not.

1. No cell wall

The plant cell does not have a cell wall, while the animal cell does. The cell wall is a hard, protective layer that surrounds the plant cell. It is made of cellulose, a type of sugar. The cell wall gives the plant cell its shape and helps to protect it from damage. Animal cells do not have a cell wall.

2. No chloroplasts

Plant cells are unique in that they have chloroplasts, which are organelles that allow plants to perform photosynthesis. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts, and as a result, cannot perform photosynthesis. This difference is due to the fact that plant cells evolved from cyanobacteria, while animal cells did not. Cyanobacteria are bacteria that are able to perform photosynthesis, and as a result, they passed this ability on to plant cells when they merged together during the process of evolution.

3. small vacuoles

The plant cell has a small, round vacuole in the center of the cell. The animal cell has a large, irregular vacuole that takes up most of the cell.

4. Differences in reproduction

Plant cells and animal cells differ in several key ways. Most notably, plant cells have a cell wall made of cellulose, while animal cells do not. Plant cells also tend to be larger than animal cells, and they have chloroplasts that allow them to carry out photosynthesis. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Finally, plant cells typically have one or more large vacuoles, while animal cells usually have smaller vacuoles or none at all. These differences are due to the different evolutionary histories and lifestyles of plants and animals.

Conclusion

Animal cells and plant cells are both eukaryotic cells, meaning they have a true nucleus with chromosomes enclosed within their cell membranes. However, there are several key differences between the two types of cells. For one, animal cells lack chloroplasts and cannot produce their own food through photosynthesis like plant cells can. Additionally, animal cells are typically smaller than plant cells, and their cell walls are composed of different materials. These structural differences allow plant cells to better withstand environmental stresses like changes in temperature or drought conditions. Understanding the difference between plant and animal cells is essential for understanding how organisms function at the cellular level.

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